Russia’s Colony

Alaska History Essay #2

The first people to discover Alaska were the Russians. They discovered Alaska in 1741. From there they made outposts and explored this new land that they called Russian America.

The Russian’s main interest in Alaska was it’s natural resorses. The one resource that  they were most interested in was furs. Many Russian traders came to Alaska in search of furs that they could sell. Sea Otter was perhaps the most valuable of all the furs found in Alaska. There were several companies that were started to fund trips to Alaska in order to make a profit on the furs that were brought back. But in 1799 the Russian government established the Russian American Company and gave it a monopoly on the furs in Alaska. The manager of the Russian American Company was posted in Alaska and was also the acting governor of the land. The first manager of the Russian American Company was Alessandr Baranov.

Eventually other countries started to explore Alaska as well. Several European countries Challenged Russia’s clam on Alaska from 1774 to the time when Russia sold Alaska to the United States of America in 1867. Russia’s most troublesome competitors for Alaska were Spain and England. There was some fighting over Alaska in this time period. Spain eventually lost interest in Alaska and backed down in 1792.

That left the English as the main threat to Russia’s hold on Alaska. Russia was able to hold on to Alaska for some time, but since England was navaly superior to Russia it was a big problem. Eventually the Russian government decided that it wasn’t worth the trouble to keep holding on to Alaska. So they sold it the America in 1867.

 

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Alaska’s Native Cultures

Alaska History Essay

Natives make up sixteen percent of Alaska’s total population. There are over two hundred native rural villages and small communities spread across Alaska. The Natives of Alaska are separated into five major cultural groupings; the Athabascans, the Yupik and Cup’ik, the Inupiaq and St. Lawrence Island Yupik, the Aleut and Alutiq, and the Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian.

The Athabascans generally  live in interior Alaska. They traditionally are nomadic and live close to rivers. They often had winter base camps where they stayed put for the season and fishing camps in the summer. They had a social system where the children of a couple belonged to the mother’s clan, not the father’s. The husband was expected to live with his wife’s family for at lease the first year, often the husband and his wife’s brother became hunting partners.

The Yupik and Cup’ik are named after the two main dialects of the Yupik language which they speak. These native Alaskans lived in southwestern Alaska, often along the coast. During the summer they would fish and follow game, whereas during the winter they would live in one location. The men slept in a qasigiq, which also served as the community center. Women and children slept in the ena which was smaller than the qasigiq. Social hierarchy was determined by gender and individual skills.

The Inupiaq and St. Lawrence Island natives live in the north and northwestern Alaska. They live on walrus, polar bear, seals, caribou, and whales. Their houses are semi-subterranean and have underground tunnels for entrances.

The Aleut and Alutiiq live in south and southwestern Alaska and were heavily influenced by Russian and American explorers. In these cultures family is the most important thing of all, so their government and everything about their culture is based on family. These particular Alaskan natives are known for their skill at making boats out of animal skin and a wooden frames.

The Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, and Tismshian natives live in the southeastern part of Alaska. They had no organized governments and no groups ever met to make policies for the whole group. Every decision was make at the household or village level.

That is a basic overview of the major cultural groups of Alaskan natives.

How I Can Use the Civil Air Patrol To Practice My Leadership Skills.

I am in the Civil Air Patrol cadet program which is a program that teaches cadets leadership, military customs and courtesies, and aerospace education. It is a great program and through it I have done many fun activities including flying a plane and a glider.

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The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is a great place to practice leadership. They have classes and textbooks and real chances to gain leadership experience. As you move up in rank you get more responsibility and more leadership. I am a cadet Staff Sergeant (C/SSgt) and I teach basic drill often. I also sometimes lead drill and inspect the other cadet’s uniforms.

One thing I have been learning and will continue to learn as I rank up is the concept of servant leadership. A good leader is a servant, he serves the people above him in the chain of command and the people below him. It is the leader’s job to help those below him succeed, that is the only way that he will succeed. A leader does not exist just to give orders and use his rank to get things done, rather he is a part of a team and it is his job to help the team be the most efficient it can be.

You also as a leader must be able to share success with the rest of the team because you are just as dependent on them as they are on you. A leader is much like a quarterback in a football team. A football team is no good without a quarterback that can do his job effectively. But no matter how skilled the quarterback, if he doesn’t have good linemen to protect him and good receivers to pass the ball to he is of no use. A quarterback, just like any leader, is dependent on the rest of the team.

These are only two of many leadership principles but if I keep them in mind as I gain in rank and keep practicing them, than I will gain in leadership ability and become a better leader for it.

Three Stories I Would Include In My Autobiography

Autobiography essay #1

What stories would you put in your autobiography? These are three stories that I would include in my autobiography if I ever wrote one.

The first story I would write about is the move from Texas to Alaska. I was born in Colorado but moved to Amarillo Texas in 2010 (I was 10 years old). We stayed in Texas for a year and decided to move to Alaska. We sold all of the stuff that wouldn’t fit in our 14 foot trailer and drove up to Alaska, camping and staying in hotels along the way. We were able to go to Yellowstone National Park and do other fun stuff on the drive up. My family and I ended up in a house 37 miles from Seward Alaska. After living there for a year we moved closer to Seward so my Dad didn’t have such a long commute to work. Moving was a major event in my life, it took the entire family to a whole new place where we met people and had experiences that we never would have had otherwise. It was important in my life and I think that it would be an interesting story for my autobiography.

The second story would be the story of my first job. I got my first job,as a dog handler for the Seavey’s Ididaride Sled Dog Tours the year I turned 14. I had asked my soon to be boss Daniel Seavey if I could have a job and he said that I would have to wait till I turned 14 in June. I went to work as soon as I had my birthday. I worked there for two years (two summers). My primary jobs were keeping the dog lot clean of poop, making sure that the

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Sled Dogs

100 dogs all had water, brushing the dogs that needed it, and hooking and unhooking the dog teams from the sleds. The sleds were metal carts with seats in them. It was hard work but I enjoyed it most of the time. I met and worked with quite a few people. It was rainy often but it was the hardest when it was hot and sunny (over 75 degrees). Then the dogs needed much more water and rest otherwise they could get overheated. Some dogs were more prone to getting overheated than others.

 

The third story I would write about would be my experience with Civil Air Patrol (CAP) and especially my first encampment. The CAP cadet program is for kids 12-18 who are interested in flying or the military. It trains cadets in leadership, drill, and aerospace education. You get chances to do all sorts of things through CAP including flying small airplanes. It is a great program and I highly recommend trying it out especially if you are interested in the military or like to fly. I joined the CAP because of my friend Andrew Milligan who was in it before I was. I was able to go to encampment my first year. Encampment is a requirement for many of the other activities of the CAP program and is an important milestone in anyone’s cadet life. It is similar to a military boot camp but

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CAP Cadets at Encampment

only lasts one week. In that one week you learn drill, how to work as a team with your flight, how to report to an officer, how to get through inspections, and you have a list of memorization material just to name a few things. It was a challenge but I enjoyed most of it and I learned a lot. CAP got me thinking about joining the military and that is something that I am seriously considering.